Saturday, November 26, 2016

Six Impossible Ideas (after Brexit)

1. Suzi Hall, architect-ethnographer: Are Migrants City-Takers or City Makers?

  • Part 1, What can an ordinary street tell us about modern diversity?
  • Part 2, Why is Rye Lane important for the economy?
  • Part 3, From Rye Lane to the Big Picture
2. Alex Manning, prof. of economics at LSE: Do Migrants Take Away Jobs?
  • Part 1, Will a migrant take away your job? (not likely)
  • Part 2, Will a migrant take your job (again)?
  • Part 3, Thoughts on migration policy
3. Chandran Kukathas, prof of government at LSE, Do Borders Affect Your Freedom?
  • Part 1, What do open borders really mean?
  • Part 2, What is the price of your control?
  • Part 3, What are the dangers of collective control? Dr Kukathas explains how building walls to keep people out actually result in curtailed freedoms for the people within the country; for example, employers are forced to hire only legal immigrants or citizens, when it might be better for them to hire others. 

4. Ruben Andersson, Associate Professor of anthropology at Oxford University: Should borders separate or connect?

  • Part 1, Thinking of borders as points of connection (as opposed to points of separation)
  • Part 2, Will deals like the one with Turkey reduce migration? (no; migrants will simply change their route for one that is more dangerous, but as long as the conditions for migration exist, they will continue to mkigrate)
  • Part 3, Let's talk about solutions (legal alternatives like humanitarian visas?)

5. Myria Georgiou, Deputy Head of LSE Media and Communications: Can the media make us more welcoming?
  • Part 1, How did European press cover the refugee crisis? (with empathy, but the refugees themselves are not heard--especially the women)
  • Part 2, How did the press coverage change over time? (It took drownings to really get the attention of the press, which then focused on the humanitarian crisis. After the Paris attacks, a more militaristic focus on the threat to Europe posed by the migrants.)
  • Part 3, How does coverage differ between countries and regions in Europe? (Western European media are "bipolar" or divided in their approach, but they see the problem as solvable, while Eastern European media feel the need to "protect Europe" from the migrants.)
6. Dominik Hangartner, Associate Professor at LSE Government: European Attitudes to Asylum-Seekers
  • Part 1, Results from a pan-European experiment: (1) respondents favor asylum-seekers who are not an economic burden but will actually contribute to the economy (doctors, teachers...); (2) there is a heft anti-Muslim bias; (3) respondents preferred to grant asylum to those fleeing war or persecution over those fleeing poverty. 
  • Part 2, Costs of a slow asylum process: migrants whose process look longer were less likely to find a job when finally granted asylum. Nations can save lots of money by speeding up the process. 
  • Part 3, How does citizenship affect integration? Not surprisingly, Hangartner found that naturalized migrants were much more integrated into the society years later than those who had been rejected for citizenship, who still felt marginalized. Two surprises: (1) the huge magnitude of this effect and (2) the benefits of naturalization are largest for the most marginalized groups


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